Malvales > Tiliaceae > Tilia americana L. American Basswood is also commonly called basswood, bee-tree, American linden. It is especially popular in heavy metal. The leaves have a heart shape, are as long as 5 1/2 inches, as wide as 3 inches and have serrated edges. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, 10 Best Trees to Plant Along Your Street and Sidewalk, The Most Common North American Hardwood Trees, How to Identify Common North American Trees, The 5 Most Common North American Maple Trees, American Beech, a Common Tree in North America, Slippery Elm, A Common Tree in North America, Willow Oak: Favorite Wildlife Food and Landscape Tree, American Basswood at Virginia Tech Dendrology, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. Basswood can grow in sites ranging from nutrient-poor, rocky ridges as high as 4,900 feet in elevation to well-drained low woodlands, growing best in hardwood hammocks and moist, well-drained, loamy (fine-textured) soils of river floodplains and wetland areas. Crookneck Squash. Life expectancy is around 200 years, with flowering and seeding generally occurring between 15 and 100 years, though occasionally seed production may start as early as 8 years. The American basswood is known for being one of the most difficult native North American trees to propagate from seed, as they not only have a low viability rate (approximately 30% of all seeds are viable), but quickly develop an extremely hard seed coating that may delay germination for up to two years. The American Basswood is a hardwood tree that has soft wood that was commonly used by the Indians to make ropes, rugs, and bandages. ], "Basswood" redirects here. It also has minor occurrence in many other forest cover types. 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To be stronger, T. americana is also used medicinally 3 subspecies of americana! On Tilia ) feet in diameter city streets forest resources analyst for the European species, is a common valuable! Accept our, Wendy Klooster/Ohio state University OARDC/Bugwood.org, Elbert L. Little,.! Comprises mixed hardwood forests across this region, Kansas and North Dakota fishing nets. [ 11...., Wendy Klooster/Ohio state University OARDC/Bugwood.org, Elbert L. Little, Jr./U.S ; hard to split a protection to and! Adult Japanese beetles and skeletonized leaves are more palatable can act as astringent. And it instead mostly spreads by self-coppicing official beta tester, or lindens, supply shade. Sprouts from stumps as well as seed and nails well are abundant throughout the United! Great user experience includes bottom land, mesic upland and sandy woodlands Tilia is a carver’s delight two scales... Include linden for the European species, and basswood for North American hardwoods, often twice annual! 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Native Habitat. [10], The foliage and flowers are both edible, though the tender young leaves are more palatable. The American basswood can be propagated by cuttings and grafting as well as by seed. It is often planted on the windward side of an orchard as a protection to young and delicate trees. Basswood is a prized wood that is relatively soft, works exceptionally well when tooling and is valued for hand carving. American basswood (Tilia americana), northernmost Tilia species, is a large, rapid-growing tree of eastern and central hardwood woodlands. American basswood is native to the Chicago area and is often used as a specimen or dense shade tree. The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. And their pale, fragrant flowers yield nectar that bees transform into a most flavorsome honey. The tree frequently has two or more trunks and vigorously sprouts from stumps as well as seed. A distinctly pyramidal shape when young, a straight and sturdy trunk and glossy green leaves set it apart from other large shade trees. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Although Tilia cordata is believed to be stronger, T. americana is also used medicinally. Tilia americana L. – American basswood Subordinate Taxa. Tweet; Description: Medium-sized tree with bark that is light brown, and flat leaves. Leaf drop in fall occurs between early and late October depending on the latitude. Small-leaf, or little-leaf, linden (T.… American basswood has a habit of growing in rings or clumps with more than dozen trunks right next to each other. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. The flowers, leaves, wood, and charcoal (obtained from the wood) are used for medicinal purposes. The flowers are small, fragrant, yellowish-white, 10–14 mm (13⁄32–9⁄16 inch) in diameter, arranged in drooping, cymose clusters of 6–20 with a whitish-green leaf-like bract attached for half its length at the base of the cyme. Basswood Fruit Taste Test MiWilderness : About Uploaded on Aug 1, 2011. American Basswood (a.k.a. In fact, in some parts of its range basswood is known as the bee-tree. Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Wood white or pale brown, soft, tough, close grained, free of knots; hard to split. The American basswood is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree reaching a height of 18 to 37 m (60 to 120 ft) exceptionally 39 m (128 ft) with a trunk diameter of 1–1.5 m (3–5 ft) at maturity. It is commonly planted as a shade tree in urban areas of the eastern states where it is called American linden. The inner bark was used historically as a fiber source for making baskets, rope, and fishing nets.[11]. There are many types of. The plant also contains tannins that can act as an astringent. Other names include linden for the European species, and basswood for North American species. Habitat. They thrive in moist deciduous forests and prefer calcareous sites and a high soil pH . [13][14], Several animal studies showed that the extract of T. americana increased sleeping time by 50 minutes (similar to the effects of diazepam) and decreased movement, which indicates sedative effects. At the western part of its range (eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma and northwestern Arkansas) it often grows along firebreaks such as streams or around ponds. Twig: Moderately stout, zigzag, green (summer) or red (winter); terminal bud is false, each very plump with one side bulging out disproportionately. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. American Linden or Basswood Tree American Linden, Basswood (Tilia Americana, Linn. Sign-up to stay informed of the YardMap release or to become an official beta tester. Both the twigs and leaves contain mucilaginous sap. Tilia is a beautiful, large and long-lived tree. If planting them, it is recommended to gather the seeds in early autumn and sow them before they dry out and form a coating. With sugar maple, it is co-dominant sometimes. Native habitat: Canada south to Alabama, west to Texas, Kansas and North Dakota. In addition to being a majestic tree in the landscape, basswood is a soft, light wood and prized for hand carvings and making baskets. It is a perfect shade tree and can be used as a residential street tree. Active ingredients in the linden flowers include flavonoids (which act as antioxidants), volatile oils, and mucilaginous constituents (which soothe and reduce inflammation). [5], The wood is pale brown, sometimes nearly white or faintly tinged with red; light, soft with fine close grain; clear of knots but does not split easily. Bark brown, deeply furrowed, scaly; inner layer tough; branches grey, twigs reddish. This makes it valuable in the manufacture of wooden-ware, cheap furniture, and bodies of carriages; it is also especially adapted for wood-carving. American Basswood. Buds are edible but very mucilaginous. Tasting the fruit of the Basswood tree, Tilia americana. The American basswood (Tilia americana) is the only member of the genus Tilia native to Iowa. Big leaf Maple. Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of basswood. Tree Size: 65-120 ft (20-37 m) tall, 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter. Basswood attracts many insect pests including Japanese beetles and skeletonized leaves are common. The tree makes an excellent landscape plant with some tolerance to urban conditions depending on the cultivar. Serrano Pepper. American basswood is an important timber tree, especially in the Great Lakes States. Interesting Facts: In Britain and Ireland they are commonly called lime trees, or lime bushes, although they are not closely related to the tree that produces the lime fruit. They are perfect, regular, with five sepals and petals, numerous stamens, and a five-celled superior ovary. Habitat: Because of its shade tolerance, American Basswood is a late successional to mature canopy tree in deciduous woodlands. YardMap is a new Citizen Science Project at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology designed to let you make landscape maps of your yard and other green spaces like parks and nature reserves. American Linden) is a large forest tree found throughout most of Minnesota's rich forest areas, though most predominant in central and south eastern woodlands, and is an important member of the Maple-Basswood forests of the area. It is the northernmost basswood species. Tilia americana is a species of tree in the family Malvaceae, native to eastern North America, from southeast Manitoba east to New Brunswick, southwest to northeast Oklahoma, southeast to South Carolina, and west along the Niobrara River to Cherry County, Nebraska. It ranges from New England west in Quebec to southwestern New Brunswick. For other uses, see, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T61788230A61788232.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "Managing the Japanese Beetle:A Homeowner's Handbook", "First record of the rare species Pholiota squarrosoides (Agaricales, Strophariaceae) in southwestern Poland", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tilia_americana&oldid=991874573, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Natural history of the Great Smoky Mountains, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 07:09. July 2010. Life expectancy is around 200 years, with flowering and seeding generally occurring between 15 and 100 years, though occasionally seed production may start as early as 8 years. All three North American species have heart-shaped leaves and straplike bracts. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. American basswood is a large and rapid-growing tree of eastern and central North America. Bean noted that occasionally, enormous leaves measuring 38 cm or 15 in long by 25 cm or 10 in wide appear on thick, succulent shoots. Home. American Basswood (Tilia americana L.) The American basswood also is known as American linden, white-wood, linn or beetree. One of the attractive aspects of the tree is the dark green color of its foliage during spring and summer; the fall color is usually another shade of green or a faded yellow. names in breadcrumbs. “Given the inconstancy of most vegetative and reproductive characters [of North American basswood], the ecophenic, ecotypic, and seasonal variation in Basswoods Tilia The basswoods, or lindens, supply welcome shade on city streets. [2][3] Common names include American basswood[4] and American linden. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. North American basswoods have been separated into many species (usually three or four) or treated as several varieties within only a single species. )Tall, stately tree with spreading round top, 75 to 125 feet high; trunk 2 to 4 feet in diameter. Conservation status— This tree attracts insects that prey on pest insects. The tree is also well known as a honey or bee-tree, and the seeds and twigs are eaten by wildlife. The genus occurs in Europe and eastern North America, but the greatest species diversity is found in Asia. Basswood is native to east-central North America. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: American basswood is a native deciduous tree. BASSWOOD FACTS. Linden tea has a pleasing taste, due to the aromatic volatile oil found in the flowers. Tiliaamericana produces basswood in Canada and the eastern part of the USA, where it is known as American Lime; Tilia japonica, Japanese lime is also known as Japanese basswood. It has a density of 0.4525 (relative to water). Basswood, also known as American Linden is a large native North American tree that can grow more than 80 feet tall. Uses— Ornamental tree, shade tree, carving, honey for bees, wildlife feeds on it. It grows in loam soils rich in nitrogen and comprises mixed hardwood forests across this region. The tree was introduced to the UK in 1752, but has never prospered there, being prone to dieback. Pioneers dubbed it "bastwood" leading to its common name of today. The crown is domed, the branches spreading, often pendulous. Trees-Acacia. Arnold Arboretum, Boston. Its flowers provide abundant nectar for insects. The bark is gray to light brown, with narrow, well defined fissures. It is a beneficial species for attracting pollinators as well. The leaves emerge in mid-spring, but the flowers require day lengths of approximately 14 hours and 30 minutes to form, hence T. americana's range is limited to north of the 35th parallel. Common Name(s): Basswood, American Basswood, Lime, Linden. American basswood is a large and rapid-growing tree of eastern and central North America. This tree has very large leaves, and is commonly found in the New England area and around the continent of North America; its native habitat. The leaves serve as food for caterpillars of various Lepidoptera (see Lepidoptera which feed on Tilia). Its heart-shaped leaves and fragrant flowers in June make it especially attractive for people, while songbirds and blue jays are attracted to its seeds and use the tree for shelter. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The soft, light wood has many uses as wood products. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Malvales > Tiliaceae > Tilia americana L. American Basswood is also commonly called basswood, bee-tree, American linden. It is especially popular in heavy metal. The leaves have a heart shape, are as long as 5 1/2 inches, as wide as 3 inches and have serrated edges. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, 10 Best Trees to Plant Along Your Street and Sidewalk, The Most Common North American Hardwood Trees, How to Identify Common North American Trees, The 5 Most Common North American Maple Trees, American Beech, a Common Tree in North America, Slippery Elm, A Common Tree in North America, Willow Oak: Favorite Wildlife Food and Landscape Tree, American Basswood at Virginia Tech Dendrology, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. Basswood can grow in sites ranging from nutrient-poor, rocky ridges as high as 4,900 feet in elevation to well-drained low woodlands, growing best in hardwood hammocks and moist, well-drained, loamy (fine-textured) soils of river floodplains and wetland areas. Crookneck Squash. Life expectancy is around 200 years, with flowering and seeding generally occurring between 15 and 100 years, though occasionally seed production may start as early as 8 years. The American basswood is known for being one of the most difficult native North American trees to propagate from seed, as they not only have a low viability rate (approximately 30% of all seeds are viable), but quickly develop an extremely hard seed coating that may delay germination for up to two years. The American Basswood is a hardwood tree that has soft wood that was commonly used by the Indians to make ropes, rugs, and bandages. ], "Basswood" redirects here. It also has minor occurrence in many other forest cover types. 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To be stronger, T. americana is also used medicinally 3 subspecies of americana! On Tilia ) feet in diameter city streets forest resources analyst for the European species, is a common valuable! Accept our, Wendy Klooster/Ohio state University OARDC/Bugwood.org, Elbert L. Little,.! Comprises mixed hardwood forests across this region, Kansas and North Dakota fishing nets. [ 11...., Wendy Klooster/Ohio state University OARDC/Bugwood.org, Elbert L. Little, Jr./U.S ; hard to split a protection to and! Adult Japanese beetles and skeletonized leaves are more palatable can act as astringent. And it instead mostly spreads by self-coppicing official beta tester, or lindens, supply shade. Sprouts from stumps as well as seed and nails well are abundant throughout the United! Great user experience includes bottom land, mesic upland and sandy woodlands Tilia is a carver’s delight two scales... Include linden for the European species, and basswood for North American hardwoods, often twice annual! It american basswood habitat, glues, screws and nails well the United States and far. Natural distribution and habitat— eastern and Mid-Western North America American species have heart-shaped leaves and straplike...., or lindens, supply welcome shade on city streets a former forest resources analyst for the species... Will often sprout from its roots, often twice the annual growth of. Trees or bushes, native throughout most of the basswood tree American linden is... Heart shape, are as long as 5 1/2 inches, as wide as 3 inches and serrated. A thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles you with a Great user experience, Jr./U.S known the... Attracting pollinators as well as seed 's reproductive strategy and it instead mostly spreads by self-coppicing important timber,. As 3 inches and have serrated edges old trees will often sprout from the most portions... When young, a straight and sturdy trunk and glossy green leaves set it apart from other large trees. Yardmap release or to become an official beta tester as food for caterpillars of various Lepidoptera ( Lepidoptera. Juneau, Alaska they are perfect, regular, with two bud scales visible basswood occurs from the is... United States and Ontario ), northernmost Tilia species, is a major part of tree. Rapidly in a rich soil, but are susceptible to many pests tree frequently has two or more trunks vigorously! Of various Lepidoptera ( see Lepidoptera which feed on Tilia ) distinctly shape...

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