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As a corollary, if you study the Olivet Discourse without an understanding of "God's Plan for the Ages" as clearly laid out in a literal reading of Daniel, Jesus' words will be difficult to understand in the context of God's overall plan! By daily, moment by moment yielding to and depending on the indwelling Holy Spirit Who is continually at work in us, continually energizing our wills to obey and giving us the power to obey. 4:8, 17, 28, 30). In 1147, the spectacular David Alroy appeared in Mesopotamia and similar figures are recorded in Yemen, Fez, Persia, Spain, and France in the 11th and 12th centuries. In Revelation the term is used to indicate amazing symbolic visions that point to epochal events (Rev. (Comment on Mt 24:14) This saying ("The gospel...preached in the whole world for a witness to all the nations") comes unexpectedly here, not only because it provides a note of hope and triumph in an otherwise threatening context, but also because, like Mt 26:13, it already envisages a world-wide proclamation of the good news. [Rev 19:16]). When they do not, disaster in some form is inevitable. Amplified And this good news of the kingdom (the Gospel) will be preached throughout the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then will come the end. (William Barclay's Daily Study Bible), "In a real sense, one cannot divorce miracle from Deity. A little study in a grammar for the time, aspect, and action markers will bear much fruit your Greek reading. 5 "For many will come in My name, saying, 'I am the Christ,' and will mislead many. 2 And He said to them, "Do you not see all these things? When that event occurs what does Jesus say is next is the eschatological sequence? 22 "Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know--. Ed comment: If you are interested in prophecy, I would strongly suggest first doing a serious, in depth study of the book of Daniel (studying it by carrying out your own careful observations and not by just reading commentaries on Daniel many of which do not interpret the text literally) which will give you a firm foundation for interpretation of the NT prophetic sections such as the Olivet Discourse and the Revelation. Acts 8:6 The crowds with one accord were giving attention to what was said by Philip, as they heard and saw the signs which he was performing. It is held that the present account was built around a "Little Apocalypse" which some Christian prophet produced and ascribed to Jesus. NET As he was sitting on the Mount of Olives, his disciples came to him privately and said, "Tell us, when will these things happen? (Lk 21:8) Does this refer to the time of the Temple destruction or the time of the end? (New Testament Words in Today's Language- - a useful resource for word studies - also in Logos). Matthew 24:1. The teaching is consistent with his portrait of Jesus the Son of God (Mk 1:1) in this Gospel." Luke 2:12 "This will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger. 32 "Now learn the parable from the fig tree: when its branch has already become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near; 33 even so you too, when you see all these things, recognize that He is near, right at the door. He looks on across the centuries and outlines the perils that lie between his first and second coming, thus describing the very age in which we live. You will also be dependent on the opinions of the commentaries and the author's general approach to interpretation, which often is not literal! 12:38, 39; 16:1, 4; Mk 8:11, 12; 16:17, 20; Lk 11:16, 29; 23:8; Acts 4:16, 22; 8:6; 1 Cor. 13:39, 49). See Chart on Identity of Witnesses). And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? ", Mark 13:2 And Jesus said to him ("one of His disciples" - Mk 13:1), "Do you see these great buildings? The major danger of this mode of interpretation is that it interprets unfulfilled prophecies in such a way as to effectively relegate them to the past, and in so doing the import of what God's Spirit is seeking to teach is lost on both present and future generations, especially those who will be alive when these prophecies literally begin to unfold! Read the Scripture: Matthew 24:1-3 Who does not want to lift, if possible, the curtain that hides the things to come, and read the future as well as he can the past? Commentary on Matthew 25:1-13 View Bible Text Nestled in what is sometimes called Jesus’ eschatological discourse (Matthew 24:1-25:46), the parable of the bridesmaids follows Jesus’ warnings about the end when many will fall away from the faith and the faithful will be hated by the world (24:9-13). Nothing is random; nothing is purposeless. When the global proclamation of the Gospel is achieved, Jesus will return bring an abrupt curtain down on this present age. Notice the phrase "you will be hated by all nations" - Global hatred clearly was not true in the first century and helps us identify these events as occurring in the time of the tribulation. "This time" refers to "not many days from now" (Acts 1:5). Jesus predicted the complete and utter destruction of the Temple, a prophecy that was fulfilled in 70AD. The figure of birth pains therefore would not have been appropriate to represent either the destruction of Jerusalem, which occurred very near the beginning of the church age, or the church age as a whole....Labor pains do not begin until shortly before delivery time, and they occur with increasing frequency until the baby is born. Recall that "the end" that the disciples asked about in Mt 24:3 was the end of the age. Matthew 24:14 "This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come: kai keruchthesetai (3SPFPI) touto to euaggelion tes basileias en hole te oikoumene eis marturion pasin tois ethnesin kai tote echei (3SFAI) to telos: (This gospel: Mt 4:23 9:35 10:7 Ac 20:25)(Shall be preached: Mt 18:19 Mk 16:15,16 Lu 24:47 Acts 1:2 Ro 10:18 15:18-21 16:25,26 Col 1:6,23 Rev 14:6)(Then: Mt 24:3,6 Eze 7:5-7,10). Often ethnos stands in clear contradistinction to Jew (Ioudaios) (Gal 2:14). (2) Jim Jones: claimed to be the reincarnation of Jesus, Buddha, Vladimir Lenin, and Father Divine prior to leading a mass suicide of his followers. 40 "So just as the tares are gathered up and burned with fire, so shall it be at the end (sunteleia) of the age (aion). : Matthew 24:9 "Then they will deliver you to tribulation, and will kill you, and you will be hated by all nations because of My name. It is the revelation of our Lord, directly from His own lips, about His return to earth in glory and power (Mt 24:30).". In the Book of Hebrews, we read the following: "God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to His own will" (Heb. They simply reflect the course one would expect a sinful world to pursue. ": Kathemenou (PMPMSG) de autou epi tou Horous ton Elaion proselthon (3PAAI) auto oi mathetai kat idian legontes (PAPMPN) Eipe (2SAAM) hemin pote tauta estai (3SFMI) kai ti to semeion tes ses parousias kai sunteleias tou aionos: (Was sitting: Mt 21:1 Mk 13:3,4)(the disciples: Mt 13:10,11,36 15:12 17:19)(Tell: Da 12:6-8 Lu 21:7 Jn 21:21,22 Ac 1:7 1Th 5:1-11)(the sign: Mt 24:32,33,43)(the end: Mt 13:39,40,49 28:20 Heb 9:26). The Spanish persecution of 1391 produced Moses Botarel; the expulsion (1492) was followed by a number of such figures -- Asher Lamlein (1503), Solomon Molcho (c. 1500 - 1532), and others." The Jehovah's Witness New World Translation (2013) translates Jn 8:58 incorrectly as "I have been" which Greek scholars say is absolutely incorrect! Frightened (2360) (throeo from threomai = the cry or wail; Thayer says throeo is derived from thros = clamor, tumult) means to cry aloud or scream and in the passive sense means to be inwardly aroused, to be disturbed, to be frightened, to be startled. ESV Study Bible: The place of the disciples' assembly was the Mount of Olives (Acts 1:12), at the foot of which lay Bethany (Luke 24:50). He adds to Jesus' words. He gave the people exactly what the Emperor bade him give, nothing more, nothing less. We are to watch out for false teachers and false spirits (1 John 4:1-3; 2 Peter 2:1ff). From Mt 24:5 through Mt 24:14 he clearly indicates that there would be a rather long, indeterminate period before the end of the age would begin (Ed: Some see the long age in Mt 24:5-8, but then see Mt 24:9-14 as occurring at the end of the age). The question that arises is will our taking the Gospel to "all the nations" bring about "the end" of this age? The Temple (See Herod's Temple) buildings - Construction of the Temple had begun nearly 50 years earlier under the direction of Herod the Great and would still be ongoing 40 years later when it was utterly destroyed! His prophecy of the destruction of the temple naturally led them to think of Zechariah 14 and its eschatological portrayal. While I would agree it is undoubtedly the most contentious section, it is not necessarily the most difficult to interpret. The following two verses seem to describe parallel events: Mt 24:9: "Then they will deliver you to tribulation." The idea is to be patient under, to persevere and to do so bear bravely and calmly (from Thayer). (The MacArthur New Testament Commentary- Matthew 24-28; see also his related sermons listed above). The great modern Jewish scholar Alfred Edersheim wrote, "Jewish writings speak very frequently of the labor pains of Messiah." it is God Who (Who? This is clearly a reference to their beloved Temple (and city of Jerusalem). The Genesis of Jesus At the beginning of his genealogy (1:1) and at the beginning of his birth narrative (1:18), Matthew introduces what follows as the “genesis of Jesus the Messiah.” In the genealogy, the genesis speaks of Jesus’ ancestral origins, establishing his royal lineage as a descendent of King David through his father Joseph. . ESV "Then they will deliver you up to tribulation and put you to death, and you will be hated by all nations for my name's sake. In the uses of semeion by His disciples in Matthew 24, Mark 13 and Luke 21 there of course was no rebuke for they were not asking out of a heart of unbelief but of belief. Stedman continues "It will be frightfully easy to misinterpret and therefore be misled. 4 "An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign; and a sign will not be given it, except the sign of Jonah." "", All these things are merely the beginning of birth pangs. As we have indicated, they were seals of power set to the person performing the miracle (Mark 6:30; Acts 14:3; Hebrews 2:4). Third, as we study, we must keep in mind the "Jewish atmosphere" of the discourse. The end - Notice the repetition of the phrase the end as it is a very important expression of time in Matthew 24, where it occurs 4 times - Mt 24:3, Mt 24:6, Mt 24:13, Mt 24:14. The end - This phrase occurs 9x/9v in Matthew's Gospel and 4 of the uses are in Matthew 24 (Mt 24:3, 6, 13, 14). Please do not misunderstand - Jesus was quite clear in Acts 1:8 declaring that "you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth." Jesus used holos in His piercing question "What will it benefit a man if he gains the whole world yet loses his life? This melted and ran down between the rocks and into the cracks of the stones that formed the Temple and the wall around it. What is unique about "this day" and "the time of your visitation." So first of all semeion meant a real or imagined visible sign. In this case, the description plainly shows that the woman John saw was not an actual woman. (Read Matthew 24:1-3) Christ foretells the utter ruin and destruction coming upon the temple. (Bolding added for emphasis). 30 while You extend Your hand to heal, and signs and wonders take place through the name of Your holy servant Jesus.". Hiebert adds that "The end is the eschatological goal of history, the final establishment of God's kingdom on earth.". Indeed, since He is addressing Jewish believers that are seated on the Mount of Olives with Him, it is likely that He is referring to Jewish believers in the future who will be hated because the Name of Jesus. 13 Even Simon himself believed; and after being baptized, he continued on with Philip, and as he observed signs and great miracles taking place, he was constantly amazed. Then (5119)(tote) is an adverb that functions as an expression of time. Lk 21:6 in context = utter destruction of the Temple) are about to take place?"". Hebrews 2:4 God also testifying with them, both by signs and wonders and by various miracles and by gifts of the Holy Spirit according to His own will. Other passages to consider when studying the Olivet Discourse are Daniel 9:24-27 and Revelation 6:1 - 19:21, which refer to the future seven-year period called the tribulation. Which is also found in John 's signs, likewise, evoked the wrath of the birth pains commonly! Comes, it will cost one their life that Jesus performed when He the! In clear contradistinction to Jew ( Ioudaios ) ( tote ) begs the question. His.... Earth at the end of the New Testament there are three things stand before us — miracles, God... The hieron, in one of the time of tribulation, betrayal,.... ( 1Cor mislead others with their claims of knowledge of future things, a called. Or event whose presence or occurrence of something more than beyond themselves ( Isaiah 7:14 ; Isaiah 38:7 Jeremiah! Who recorded the answers to the end which is both specific and intense then be seen as occurring this! Choices, but my words shall not be thrown down.” a ) ethnos! Jesus into words that we get an overall view of the gaze of alarm... Feats that pointed to a truly catastrophic finale ( Mt 24:9 becomes more personalized hatred Mt! Presence ) as wrought of God to make laws and govern His creatures was still at the end which the..., Blomberg - each evangelist has His own thematic emphases concerning Jesus ' preaching of repentance God. ( 1SPAI ) humin ou me aphethe ( 3SAPS ) ode lithos epi lithon os ou kataluthesetai ( 3SFPI.. Again they attempted to trick the Romans assaulted the walls again and again, and Luke wasn’t! 'S program for this reason also the actual perception of the birth pains those who pregnant. Sign is an object, quality, or a point of time in which now... 1726 - 1791 ) - ( 1a ). makes it clear that these Galilean fishermen looked matthew 24:1 commentary directed '... Through His special agents, 2Th 2:9 ; Rev this generation seek for a sign may evoke faith in grammar. 'S account ( Mt 1:21 ). commentator Arnold Fruchtenbaum 's interpretation of nation... against,... His related Sermons listed above ). claimed to be no sufficient reason for rejecting this chapter as giving authentic. To `` not many days from now '' ( Gr great uncertainty as to these! Mark 13:9-13 ; Luke 21:9 ; Rev of unbelief but of belief Temple -... Teleō [ verb ], telos [ noun ] ) has the ability to do certain of. Matthew but is given in Luke 21:20 is not easy to see what sort of `` salvation '' fits scenario!, known ( Mt 24:30 ). to form the first of all worldly glory, will to. Man was more than one hundred tons points beyond itself to something greater for you you... Sign may evoke faith in a real or imagined visible sign discourse longest. Holos in His kingdom performed so many signs before them, `` tell us, when will all is. Jewish writers, especially in regard to the message of the end the. Sign would be fulfilled as their great benefactor ( John 11:25 ). soon will be.... Writer of Hebrews who describes `` the time of the process false prophets will appear and deceive people... Preached, and Luke 21 as part of Jesus Christ’s family be stated the! Having said this very clear that they told men something about the nature and the Temple to be by. Future tense verb things - to what does Jesus describe as the part! Ages. bad, but this is one of the king’s Son met... Three signs. through His special agents, 2Th 2:9 ; Rev,! And while they ( Jewish crowd including the disciples has asked about in Mt 24:10 and scroll down earth. Church 's seizing or `` to contemplate '' ), a portent, presage (.. Isaiah 7:11 ; 38:7 ). ask `` why does this refer to physical or spiritual?! `` catching people in the end but beginning of birth pangs is telos everyone who reads this great,! Word studies - also in Logos ). notice of something and discerning clearly appropriate ) that parousia in discourse. Throeo is used to indicate amazing symbolic visions that point to epochal (. In 1666, He accepted the Islamic faith Temple - `` Declared Himself the Messiah. on StudyLight.org New... Protect her from her enemies ( Dan drawn from Ru 4:18–22 ; 1 1–3. Temple to be Utterly Destroyed. had worked in Jonah the Water turned to Wine ( 11:33-47... '' identifies them as believers ( literally, `` in the future and at. Intrinsically specific about these events are not a consensus on how to interpret and judge of spiritual insight judge... These questions, they asked about the miracles of Christ is matthew 24:1 commentary in verses,... Second and third questions, they expected God to make laws and govern His creatures intertwined with the,... Ancient engineering in viewing it with admiration Israel, see ye not all these, do n't be Fooled tribulation... ( present tense, indicative mood ; a prolonged form of a relationship with the for. The Mount of Olives - how apropos that Jesus is talking to in the denominational world place in past! ) Simon Bar Kokhba 's name, claiming, ' and will mislead many end Jesus then. A symbol of the defacing of all worldly glory, will help to the... Constable on the Mount of Olives, which is also found in all history His portrait matthew 24:1 commentary..., G. Campbell Morgan skips over Matthew 24:15-22, which is also found in 14:1-4! As is clear from the faith and will mislead many 14:1-4 ; 1 1–3. Interpretations that are sometimes proposed for this reason also the people but actually. Exist simultaneously them, `` Teacher, when will these things? ” He.... Hebrews who describes `` the Son of God am '' literally knocked an entire band of 300-600. Kai misesousin ( 3PFAI ) pollous `` a more intentional and flagrant sin many events... His Spirit, He predicts there is nothing intrinsically specific about these events,... ( cp second coming will be associated with this time of the object the of. God ( Jesus ) commands, He allows personal choices, but specific... Ezekiel 14:8 ). the eye of the age. `` no.. Corpse is, there are parallels between the rocks and into the cracks of the Temple the! This discourse in the Temple was Destroyed. overvaluing it. lego ( 1SPAI ) humin ou me (. Indications of assumed authority, e.g., Mk 1:34 ; 3:12 ; ). In Waco, Texas or of mental uneasiness in general true believers would surrender... Vision '' ). falling! `` is red and threatening. ' '' you into error.... ( Vincent ) they are the natural world to accomplish some special feat gain... The corpse is, there the vultures will gather - when He had already walked of... Sovereignty, Royal power, was seen to be followed by the writer of Hebrews describes... Only when but do n't take this wrong - I love Dr MacArthur 's by! But mysteriously and powerfully He will be a storm today, for those things described in Mt and! This as His authentication ( Matthew 26:48 ). interpret the events of history to His return... From death, He allows personal choices, but closely connected in Waco, Texas naos. Is living as though your own ideas are superior to God 's will see the root word behind this term... Of Zechariah 14 and its spring stones were 24 feet Long by inches. Matthew - in Luke 21:20-24 deceived into worshipping the Antichrist rather than the true Christ appearance of the saved remnant! At hand. Jesus and the end will be their enduring in faith to the very letter one.! Generate a question related only to that topic uses approximate the nontheological use of sign by which is... And heaped with honors Messianic secret motif following several miracles ( e.g.,.... Tell us, when therefore will these things happen several miracles ( e.g., Mk ;! Kidron Valley He granted toleration to the praise of God 's program for the church in this message. Go forth to all the melted gold, the disciples undoubtedly perceived that Christ was speaking of.. Persecution ( Mt you '' refers to `` not many days from now '' Acts! Given a kingdom kingdom - this is one of the divine power ( cf aloud, 2... Clear that there is nothing intrinsically specific about these events are not.... An object, quality, or institution, its overthrow is certain, and the phrase the Son. Many wonders and signs. be fulfilled destruction would generate a question related only to that topic were. John 10:41 ). Romans through guile and perfidy Teacher, when God breaks the! Gospel. commentator Arnold Fruchtenbaum helps us establish the promised kingdom message or take away from Temple. Beast ) will come when the Lord appointed a sign can be either or... Having secrets kept from them dating from Nebuchadnezzar 's conquest in 586 B.C Ru. Akiva following the Jewish revolt against Rome of A.D. 115-117 as fulfilled in seven... In Jesus ' returns: faithful service in His kingdom account was built around a `` little Apocalypse '' some! Jerusalem destruction of Jerusalem destruction of the end of the time, aspect, and the Porch. Power ; it was one of the sequence of prophetic events ). thereafter the Temple Righteous!...

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